What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. When the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces; it is also called insulin resistance.

What is insulin resistance?

Insulin is one of the most important hormone in body which regulates blood sugar levels and other metabolic activities. Inability of insulin to work despite of its normal values is called as insulin resistance.

What are the main causes of insulin resistance?

1. Diet with excessive fat, carbohydrate, animal proteins 2. Lack of fiber diet 3. Vitamin D and B12 deficiency 4. Lack of exercise and obesity 5. Excessive stress

What are the effects of insulin resistance?

1. Cardiomyopathy A cardiomyopathy is a serious condition in which your heart doesn't pump as well as it should and becomes weak. It can lead to heart failure and valve problems 2. Increase in Urinary Frequency Urinary frequency is the need to urinate many times during the day, at night or both but in normal or less-than-normal volumes. Frequency may be accompanied by a sensation of an urgent need to void (urinary urgency). 3. Lightheadedness Lightheadedness is a common and typically unpleasant sensation of dizziness or a feeling that one may faint. The sensation of lightheadedness can be short-lived, prolonged, or, rarely, recurring. In addition to dizziness, the individual may feel as though his or her head is weightless. 4. Bloating and Heartburn The symptoms that you may experience when diabetes affects your GI tract include pain on swallowing, soar throat, heartburn, fullness, bloating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and constipation. 5. Constipation & Erectile Dysfunction Constipation develops when stool becomes hard and difficult to pass. Reasons include a blockage and a low fiber diet. Erectile dysfunction may be a sign of undiagnosed or poorly managed diabetes. People with diabetes who don't keep their blood sugar levels are prone to ED. 6. Increase of Intra-Abdominal Fat Increased intra-abdominal fat is associated with increased levels of insulin and total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. 7. Elevated Blood Sugar Fasting hyperglycemia. This is blood sugar that's higher than 130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours. Postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia. This is blood sugar that's higher than 180 mg/dL 2 hours after you eat. People without diabetes rarely have blood sugar levels over 140 mg/dL after a meal, unless it’s really large. 8. Hypertension ( High Blood Pressure) Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe health complications and increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and sometimes death. Blood pressure is the force that a person's blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. 9. Elevated triglycerides The major form of fat stored by the body. A triglyceride consists of three molecules of fatty acid combined with a molecule of the alcohol glycerol. Triglycerides serve as the backbone of many types of lipids (fats). Triglycerides come from the food we eat as well as from being produced by the body. 10. Low HDL (Good Cholesterol) HDL cholesterol, or "good" cholesterol, higher levels are better. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is known as the "good" cholesterol because it helps remove other forms of cholesterol from your bloodstream. HDL cholesterol levels greater than 60 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) are high. That's good. HDL cholesterol levels less than 40 mg/dL are low. That's not so good. 11. Increase of blood clots risk Blood clots are clumps that occur when blood hardens from a liquid to a solid. 12. Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and other parts of your body. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Which contributes to heart attacks, strokes and peripheral vascular disease. 13. Polycystic Ovarian Disease Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition that affects a woman's hormone levels. Women with PCOS produce higher-than-normal amounts of male hormones. This hormone imbalance causes them to skip menstrual periods and makes it harder for them to get pregnant. 14. Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you might have sleep apnea. The main types of sleep apnea are: Obstructive sleep apnea, the more common form that occurs when throat muscles relax.

Symptoms (Early signs) of Diabetes include:

Increased thirst Headaches Trouble concentrating Blurred vision Frequent peeing Fatigue (weak, tired feeling) Weight loss Blood sugar more than 180 mg/dL


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